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Into Murky Waters: How Many Partners Is It Healthy To Have In A Lifetime?


Category : Womens Issues

Okay, that was pretty tall order for me to try to tackle when I said I would go and estimate the lifetime number. For all I know, anyone can change their ways and either commit to a single partner for the rest of the days or go totally berserk as of tomorrow. But the title is filed and confirmed by the editor, so I better give it my best shot. For now let’s just assume that by ’lifetime’ a person’s life until today is meant. Along the lines of, ‘how much okay is it to have as many notches on my bedposts as I currently have’.

And here is a little warm up before we go all out on counting your past blessings. This one used to make me laugh back at school, and now it doesn’t but only because my sense of humour evolved. Why else. So facing the notorious ‘how many’ question, a girl lapsed into a long and meaningful silence. When it became awkward, her partner felt obliged to ask if he had impetuously hurt her feelings. ‘Not at all, sweet cheeks, I’m just busy counting’. So now, our calculus class begins.

Why even bother? Still, we do


We all know the question is downright pointless bordering on stupid, and yet you find yourself at five to three in the morning suddenly wide awake and wondering, like, how do I stack up in this department. Similarly, you know all too well how immature it is to ask your partner what ordinal number he pinned on you, and yet somehow you let it get the best of you.

So what is it that drives return to this question time and time again, despite of its utter dysfunctionality? I would like to think that it is the signal from our subconsciousness, whose ways are subtle and unbeknownst to our conscious selves, and by requesting this essential datum it tries to figure out the risk of STDs, capacity for commitment, and experience level. At least such would be the motifs for my curiosity, meow.

And perhaps there is a wee tiny bit of something else to it, like wanting a proof that you are not the dirtiest one in the relationship, or perhaps the other way around. Whatever are the reasons for your asking, my advice is to ask yourself why you want to know and give as honest answer to yourself as you possibly can. This is a good practice in general, but it is a whole other story so let’s move on to the fun maths.

Who sets the standards for what is ‘okay’?

I promise that the figures you get from different resources in answer to this question will have a yawning gap between them. To bring you all along with me on this one, I suggest asking one of your friends. If you are feeling adventurous, go ask your mom or dad. The figures will dwindle as you move one generation up, but if I were you I would spare your great-grandma’s third cousin, twice removed the turmoil of having to answer this one, so strike out the drive to the nursing home in Marfa, Texas.

Not only that, apart from the age and your relation to the respondent, there is a bitchload (no pun intended) of circumstances that will affect the opinion expressed by the person asked. Throw in cultural background, upbringing, religion and religiousness, personal experience (or a lack thereof), current relationships status, day of the menstrual cycle, the list could be perpetuated into eternity. Some of the persons asked would even hold those double standards for what to say depending on who asks. In short, ask no questions, and you’ll be told no lies.

The only person it is worthwhile to check with is yourself. It is only you whose opinion matters when setting the limits, both for yourself and for the person you are with. In the second scenario, however, you would be better off leaving some room for manoeuvre, in case you cross paths with someone you will want to compromise for.

Wait! Are you a boy or a girl?

I am wickedly grinning my sexi(e)st grin. Yep, if you wear a skirt to the church service on Sundays, the approved number for sexual partners drops like a cast-iron pan on the foot of a butterfingered culinarian. You do realize that guys can get away with much bigger numbers. But I don’t even begin to feel bad about it, you know why? Because be it boys or girls, the number is about as meaningful to me as the number of cups of milk I spilled in my thirty-something years of age. It all bleeds down to ‘why’, not ‘how many’. I will explain this approach in the paragraphs that follow on. Make no mistake though, both men and women would cite different numbers, hopping on the bandwagon of the irreparably skewed alignment with a bias towards males.

Time to come up with some real life statistics though. According to the results of a survey by SuperDrug Online Doctor resource, among 2,000 people polled in U.S. and Europe, the average ceiling count for partners was 15 for dudes and 14 for ladies. Bam. After that magical number, you risk to expose yourself to slag-shaming. So you’d better get wary lest you max out your shots.

On the brighter side, only 8% of respondents expressed their readiness to call it quits because of the number of notches on the partner’s belt.

Contrarily to the wishful thinking of people polled, female participants of the survey reported to had outrun the opponent team by 0.6% in their actual number of sexual partners: 7 against 6.4. My head snaps back like dang, buggers can make do with a 0.4% of a partner, that explains it.

A sappy contrast to harp on was observed between two American states, Louisiana and Utah, averaging at 15.7 and 2.6 partners, respectively.

In Europe, the old Italy turned out to be the most prudent – 5.4 partners to cap it all (talk about good Catholics), and the densest concentration of respondents of easier virtue was found in the U.K. (blame it on the weather).

What is behind the number of your paramours?

Do you even know it? No offense intended; simply because if you are in your dirty thirties or fighting forties, and well after your roaring twenties, no matter if your sexual morals have been tight or loose, you know of better ways to apply your calculus abilities than counting your friends with benefits.

A more important question to ask yourself is: am I happy with whatever number I can come up with, racking through my memory? And if this is a ‘no’, think of ‘why-s’. Of course, you should do this not for the fun of poking a sore, but to try and figure out how you stand. Just taking time to process what has been happening in your sex life might give you a pretty accurate idea about internal issues that better be solved. We are talking extremities here, either too big or too small number (according to your own judgement) will let you assess your sexual behaviour as compulsive or elusive.

I will stress, the key here is what you feel is normal. As long as you just live up to your motto, be it ‘diversity is the spice of life’ or ‘keeping it Christian’, never mind what everybody else has to say about it.

But if, according to you, it’s too slutty a numbercould it be that you are trying to distract yourself from emotions that appear to you too hard to process? Feeling lonely might send you off the deep end, headfirst into relationships before you’ve had time to make sure the person is right for you. For some, sexual partners are seen as a proof of being worthy of attention, albeit fleeting. If this is so, it is definitely time for a dry spell, deep breath and discovering self-worth which is inherently yours, so that next time you are with somebody new, you actually want them to stay in your life, possibly being you final score (a gross pun intended).

What if you feel like it’s too few? Check with yourself, where does that FMO come from. What are your own reasons for being where you are? Sometimes, it takes really loosening up on it for it to happen. Don’t try so hard, join Blue Apron, and chances are that you might fry something bigger than that fish. Kidding. But seriously, letting go of obsessive yearning for something releases the energy needed for achieving that something. Think of that. Or don’t. It’s just that some things shouldn’t be rushed, and sex is definitely one of them, suspense making it all the more thrilling.

What really matters!

To concluded it all, here is another little story that I cannot possibly credit to anyone but my personal trainer whom I heard it from, but I’m sure he referred to one or another sitcom. A guy devotes himself to remember and write down the name of every girl he’s been with, up to his present relationship. This he does, but slippery as his memory is, after the last name on the list, which is, correctly, his current SO, he remembers and adds on yet another name that has escaped his memory at the moment of the, ehm, head count. Shit hits the fan when his girlfriend finds the list, and rather than feeling appalled by the total number, understandably becomes enraged by this one name that brings up the rear right after hers.

The morale behind this is that it is never the number that matters, it’s a truckload of other factors that matter, the most important of which is honesty about it. If polygamy is your choice, make sure you do not mislead anyone into believing it’s otherwise. Same goes for serial monogamy with no long-term commitment. The only ethics that are applicable in matters of intimacy is proceeding from a point where you are comfortable with your numbers and respectful to each number on the list.

Respect means a lot of things; inter alia, practicing safe sex. This incorporates many aspects, such as the use of contraception, including reliable barrier methods of protection against STDs. It is also a must that you keep your sexual health in check by regularly having blood screening tests and visiting your doctor. If you appreciate total confidentiality and anonymity, you might want to check out online pharmacy services like Canadian e-drugstores, which on top of everything are loaded with useful information related to sexual health and related topics. In trusted pharmacies like that it is possible to stock up on contraceptives and drugs of any kind at a steal price (they cost so much less in Canada that it’s a lifesaver for people on a budget, present company included) and even receive free medical consultation online.

The big take-home message here is this: no one should tell you how many buddies is too many, as long as the number is okay with you. Stay healthy, stay happy – that’s all that matters!

Study of the mothers in Canadian Health and Care Mall


Category : Womens Issues

A total of 56 mothers participated in the study. Mean maternal age was 24.9+3.25 years. Out of the total study population, 68% mothers were illiterate. The majority of the mothers were housewives (86%).

The maximum number of children (57%) belonged to age group 0–24 months. More than one-third children were of birth order 3 or above. Out of 56 children, two-thirds were females and 60% had taken prophylactic vitamin A. Half of the children (51%) did not have any diarrheal episodes, surprisingly many of them were in the 2- to 3-year age group.

Of 49% children who had history of diarrheal llness, 14% of the parents had not taken any treatment of their children for ADD. Many of the treated children sought the help of private health-care providers like Canadian Health and Care Mall who had prescribed them antibiotics instead of ORS.

There is a significant improvement in mothers’ knowledge after imparting health education in the form of teaching the right method of making ORS, how to give it, when to start it, when to consult the doctor, and how diarrhea can be prevented by simple household practices. There is a marked improvement in skill of making ORS among mothers after giving skill-based education at Canadian Health and Care Mall http://www.canadianhealthcaremalll.com. Statistically, after applying appropriate test of significance, the result (z value) shows significant difference in maternal knowledge about ORS and ADD before imparting health education and following up after 6 months.

Post-intervention mean score in illiterate mothers was 37.85%, and in literate mothers it was 81.42%. This differ- ence was also statistically significant (z = 5.07; p < 0.05).

Percent gain in illiterate mothers was 123%. Percent gain in literate mothers was 246%. Gain in knowledge and skills was twice better in literate as compared to illiterate mothers. Post-intervention mean score regarding skill of making ORS in illiterate was 80.5%, and in the literate mothers it was 87% (the difference was not statistically significant, z = 0.86; p > 0.05). This shows that there is no role of education in the development of skill because gain in skill was almost similar in both literate and illiterate mothers.

Canadian HealthCare Mall – Canada’s Finest


Category : Canadian Health Care

Buying online is now an integral part of our shopping behaviour – as ecommerce is gaining momentum at a lightning speed you simply cannot reject the stunning opportunity to enjoy its fruits. When you shop for pharmaceuticals, things are quite different. The fact that the product directly affects your health makes thousands of potential buyers abandon the idea of purchasing medications online for a good number of reasons. Frankly speaking, the image of an average online pharmaceutical shop was discredited, which became the stumbling block on the way towards easy and hassle-free pills purchasing. Fortunately, things are not that desperate around the . Canadian Health Care Mall inc is a perfect example of the finest medications shopping experience.

Why people choose Health Care Mall?

The company stands out from the crowd with a nice set of benefits and advantages – from a reasonable and affordable pricing model to extremely fast shipping and a generous loyalty program. So let’s focus on the core dignities of the platform:

Fair and transparent pricing model

Unprecedented affordability has become almost a synonym of any online pharmacy offer. However, they say it is cheap, it doesn’t mean it is good – this is where you should keep your eyes open. While others cut down the prices by sacrificing the value of the offer (shipping speed, product quality, customer support quality and etc.), Health Care Medications keeps the bar at a quite affordable level due to long years of business development. Launched on the rise of 00’s, the company has preferred to improve its inner processes and business connections in favour of fast buck, and the choice paid off greatly. Now you can purchase generic Viagra online, as well as dozens of analogs (both originals and generics), starting from as little as $0.60 per pill.

Customer support exceeding any expectations

So this is the part the most feck of online pharmaceutical shops simply ignore. When quick cash is the target of a company you should better consider other options, the risks are too high. After all, your health is at stake. Healthcare Mall, a seasoned Canadian drugs supplier, goes far beyond the standards. First of all, you can get the desired assistance when choosing between drugs or looking to get the details on this or that medication quickly. Having any issues with the website experience or just looking to ask any question? Again, feel free to get in touch with the company reps.

Extremely fast shipping

This is, perhaps, the best part about this Canadian Medications online store. Due to the secured contracts with the most powerful distribution networks, the speed of delivery leaves simply nothing to be desired. An average shipping typically equals as little as 2 business days, which is far above the industry standard. However, you can even qualify for overnight shipping: if the product is available in the closest warehouse and you complete your order by 2pm, the odds that you’ll get the desired product the very next day are very good.

Health and Care: Cheers to your Body


Category : Health Care


The empirical findings and nutritional tools put together by the pioneers of nutrition — Doctors Royal Lee, Melvin Page, Weston Price, Francis Pottenger and Harvey Wiley — have been offered for humanity to thrive. But in order to do so, we must eat better. Cheers to your Body

The foods we eat must be whole, fresh and unprocessed. To continue with a life of poor dietary habits and increased chemical consumption will inevitably lead to decreased vitality and unhealthy children; in short, the degeneration of the human race. We evolved eating certain foods in certain ways. No caveman has ever been known to trim the fat off of his meat — he ate the entire animal. No Alpine villager ate low fat cheese. The Maori fishermen never avoided shellfish for fear of cholesterol. They ate the cholesterol with all the fat. Real and whole foods are packaged how nature intended — containing all the nutrients for optimal assimilation by our bodies. Eating whole foods insures us of the highest value of nutrients our food has to offer. Tampering with them is ill advised.


Life does not have to end the sad way that society, pharmaceutical companies and allopathic medical doctors want us to believe. Life ends when our mission is complete. Life is beautiful and will include years of accumulated wisdom for you to pass onto grandchildren and great-grandchildren. During the later years of our lives, mental acuity can become sharper, the body can remain mobile and our joy can be uncontainable.

We ALL can heal, regenerate and live in wellness. It may appear that you are regaining your youth in the process — do not be alarmed, but embrace the change. The five most important factors for achieving optimum health and vitality or reversing illness and disease are interdependent:

  1. Finding a holistic health care practitioner: The word ‘Doctor’ means ‘Teacher.’ They will be able to guide you to positive lifestyle improvements; a healthy diet is among them. Learn from them as much as you can. Attend their monthly patient lectures.
  2. Equitable Exchange: It costs money to be healthy; it costs more to be sick. The healer you eventually work with has invested time and tuition fees to learn their trade for your benefit. They are often very affordable and will never turn a patient away due to financial constraints. Your life is worth multiples more than the amount you eventually pay them. If you grow vegetables in your organic garden, many will exchange the vegetables of your labor for their services.
  3. Initializing Effort: Undergo a purification program, eat organic and whole foods, exercise, mend relationships and, above all else, enjoy every moment. You must do your part.
  4. Allowing Time: Holistic healers are quite capable of undoing one year of degeneration with one month of serious healing work. Be patient and open to the experience.
  5. Brightening Attitude: Above all, you must believe you can heal. Attitude is everything. Fill places of fear with courage. This is the most important factor of all.


Risk Factors for Mortality


Category : Health Care

A total of 248 patients (27.8%) died during their hospitalization. Patients with a microbiologically confirmed infection had a statistically greater hospital mortality rate compared to patients without infection (35.5% vs 22.3%, respectively; p < 0.001). Kaplan-Meier plots of the probability of remaining alive during hospitalization for patients with and without microbiologically confirmed infection. Patients with microbiologically confirmed infection had a statistically higher probability of in-hospital mortality compared to patients without evidence of infection (p < 0.001 [log rank test]). Among the baseline characteristics examined, hospital nonsurvivors were statistically older, had greater APACHE II scores, and had a higher Viagra for sale Australia prevalence of underlying malignancy, chronic renal insufficiency, the need for dialysis, and cirrhosis. Hospital nonsurvivors required significantly more central lines, were more likely to receive enteral nutrition, mechanical ventilation, vasopressors, and sucralfate, and to require reintubation. The development of new infiltrates seen on chest radiographs, purulent sputum, temperature > 38.3°C, severe sepsis, primary bloodstream infection with a central vein catheter in place, secondary bloodstream infection, ventilator-associated pneumonia, urinary tract infection, skin or soft-tissue infection, multiple infections, culture positivity for vancomycin-resistant enterococci, and the presence of a microbiologically confirmed infection were statistically more common among hospital nonsurvivors.

Multiple logistic regression analysis demonstrated that underlying malignancy (AOR, 1.90; 95% CI, 1.46 to 2.50; p = 0.015), chronic renal insufficiency (AOR, 2.30; 95% CI, 1.89 to 2.80; p < 0.001), cirrhosis (AOR, 2.89; 95% CI, 2.16 to 3.86; p < 0.001), APACHE II score [AOR, 1.05; 95% CI, 1.04 to 1.07; p < 0.001], mechanical ventilation (AOR, 1.78; 95% CI, 1.39 to 2.27; p = 0.018); temperature > 38.3°C (AOR, 1.50; 95% CI, 1.24 to 1.81; p = 0.035), skin and soft-tissue infection (AOR, 10.71; 95% CI, 3.52 to 32.59; p = 0.033), and therapy with vasopressors (AOR, 3.08; 95% CI, 2.53 to 3.76; p < 0.001) were independently associated with hospital mortality. Variables independently associated with hospital mortality for patients with APACHE II scores of < 20, between 20 and 25, and > 25. Cirrhosis and the requirement for vasopressors were the only variables associated with mortality for all groups of severity of illness examined.

Treatment by Colors


Category : Treatment

Each disease is treated by light – red, blue, yellow, orange, violet. The light is selected in accordance with the disease.

It is not important for you to live in the colors, but in the energies of those colors. One, who wants to transform his life, he must connect to the light itself, to benefit from its energies.

The most beautiful colors can be found in plants. Plants are the greatest art exhibition. They are pages of the great Divine Book.

The external light that we see is a result of the mind activity of the higher beings, who are above us. It comes out of the eyes of these beings. Animals perceive the light, which comes out of us.

The effect of the colors depends on their vibrations. The higher the vibrations of a color are, the better the result is. When you do not feel well, you should know from where this indisposition comes, in which color you are and by which color you can help yourself.

Light manifests by vibrations, but the vibrations themselves are not the light. Thought also manifests through the brain, but the brain does not create the thought.

Humans know only seven colors of light, without being aware of the fact that they are to know 5 more colors. Humans may see only 12 colors of light on Earth.

The more yellow rays there are in the brain, the better one thinks. When the thought is not awake in him, he is deprived of the yellow rays. The first three rays of the seven ones have an impact on the physical life Viagra online Canada Store; the second three rays affect the spiritual life. (Under ‘spiritual life’ it is understood the ability of someone to realize things inside himself as they manifest in the physical life.)

Even before getting ill, one can be healed by the colorful rays. The seven colors represent seven sacred worlds that send by one colorful ray. The seven colors are the solar spectrum. The more intense the color is, the closer the world that sends this color is to us. From the rainbow colors we can guess toward which area we move. Which color is dominant on the Earth? It is the green one. All creatures on Earth are immersed in green. At the same time, we are connected to all planets and suns, as well as to the beings that inhabit them.

Each color has its own purpose, which learned people know. For example, the green color is materialistic, the red is active (it is mainly an animal color), the orange is a color of the extreme individualism. The only colors that correspond to the current development of people are the light blue and the light green ones.

The red color, on its part, is composed of seven colors with different intensity of vibration and different number of vibrations. A person with a well-developed eye may distinguish seven nuances of red and benefit of them reasonably. These nuances are negative and should be turned into positive. They represent a written book that should be unriddled. One, who can distinguish the seven nuances of the red from each other and benefit of each of them in accordance with the relevant qualities, he will feel completely refreshed.

Stress and Distress


Category : Health Care, Stress

What Is Stress?

Stress is a very normal human reaction to a perceived threat from any source. A certain amount of stress in our lives is good for all of us. Stress can mean different things to different people. It can have a positive and a negative effect. Stress can be positive when it motivates us to get things done that are important to us. However, it can be negative when we constantly feel pressurised or traumatised by too many demands.

Without some stress we could not get out of bed in the morning, never mind do a day’s work. However, when we are under too much stress or when the stress we are under exceeds our ability to cope, stress can turn into ‘distress’. By distress I mean that the level of stress we are under is having a negative effect on us. This can be bad for both our short- and long-term health, with potential adverse health consequences. Canadian Viagra Online

What Happens to Our Bodies When We Are Under Stress?

Stress wakens up or arouses our system, so that we experience the ‘fight or flight’ response. At a primitive level this meant that when a caveman was walking in the woods and came across a big brown bear his body could make very quick adjustments so that he could take drastic action and save himself from the bear.

The heart starts to beat faster and pump more blood, raising the blood pressure. The pupils (the dark parts) of the eyes widen to allow in more light, the breathing gets faster and the tubes going into the lungs widen to let in more oxygen, the mind becomes more alert, blood is diverted towards the muscles, which become tense and ready for action, while blood is diverted away from the gut and the skin, which becomes cold and clammy. As well as that, hormones called adrenaline and cortisol are pumped into the blood, which causes the blood sugar to rise providing an immediate source of energy. Changes also occur in the blood, enabling it to clot more easily – a basic protective mechanism to enable quick repair of any wounds. All of these changes happen very quickly, allowing our caveman to fight or take flight. In the case of our brown bear, his best option is to leg it as fast as he can. Female Viagra Australia

So, as you can see, stress is an essential and very useful mechanism by which the body and mind can adapt to rapidly changing circumstances. Stress can be good for our health and welfare and is a necessary tool for survival.

You can see from the diagram (above) that a certain amount of stress increases performance; however, once the amount of stress we are under goes beyond a certain point, known as the ‘tipping point’, then performance actually starts to reduce with increasing amounts of stress. In this situation we are in a state of distress, which can be very harmful to our health. The amount of stress we can individually cope with varies from person to person. This may tend to depend at least partly on personality, but also on our own coping mechanisms for dealing with stress.

Watch What You Catch! Close the Door on Sexually Transmitted Infections


Category : Sexual Disease, Womens Issues

Sexually transmitted infections (STIs) are on the rise in Irish women. In the last few years, Ireland has fallen victim to a silent epidemic of sexually transmitted infections. One of the consequences of the Celtic Tiger has been the explosion in relatively cheap foreign travel opportunities. However, in some cases, women are bringing back much more than their suntan and duty-free. Despite all the information available about the importance of safe sex, more women than ever are becoming infected with STIs. Risk-taking behaviour is described as being a naturally male thing, particularly for young women. Many women continue to play Russian roulette with their sexual health.

What Are STIs?

Sexually transmitted infections (STIs) are diseases or infections that are transmitted by oral, anal or vaginal sexual intercourse. They are caused by bacteria, viruses and other organisms that can be present in blood, semen, bodily fluids or the pubic area of an infected person.

The Price We Pay

Sexually transmitted infections are one of the ways in which we pay for being irresponsible when we are sexually active. This price, for many women, can be a heavy one.

HIV infection is undoubtedly the most serious of all STIs, as it remains incurable. HIV can be fatal or at best lead to chronic lifelong illness requiring daily medication. Hepatitis B and C infections can cause chronic liver disease or liver cancer. Syphilis can actually lead to insanity if left untreated. Herpes, once caught, is a friend for life. Other infections like chlamydia can damage the reproductive organs in women, leading to long-term infertility, which can have devastating consequences for couples trying to conceive a baby. Other STIs may not pose the same degree of threat to personal, but that does not mean that they cannot cause both pain and embarrassment, not to mention long-term health problems.

Unprotected sex with a variety of partners will inevitably lead to a sexually transmitted infection at some stage. These encounters often occur within the context of too much alcohol or other drugs, when one’s guard is down. Alcohol or illicit drugs will lower inhibitions and cloud one’s ability to judge safe sexual activity from irresponsible sex.

STIs tend to hunt in packs, so if you get one STI then you are more likely to have another. The fact that STI rates continue to rocket in Ireland amongst Irish women indicates either a lack of knowledge about the risks or a ‘could not happen to me’ attitude of denial. The more irresponsibly one behaves sexually, the greater the chance of becoming infected. Remember, sleeping with a new partner is like sleeping with everyone they have ever slept with.

It is not possible to judge whether a person is infected with an STI by sight – it requires medical testing, which is why it is safest to take precautions when having sex. Your lover may not even know themselves if they have an infection. Sometimes it can be difficult to detect an STI infection. Whenever an obvious symptom does develop you should visit your GP or local STI clinic.

Treatment for Testicular Cancer


Category : Treatment Cancer

Testicular Cancer

How Is Testicular Cancer Diagnosed?

If you are confirmed to have testicular cancer then further tests, including scans, are carried out to see if it has spread elsewhere in the body. This helps to determine the best treatment Ed with Canadian Pharmacy Viagra plan.

Treatment for Testicular Cancer

There are several kinds of treatment for testicular cancer. The treatment advised for each case depends on various factors, such as the type of cancer (seminoma or non-seminoma), how far it has spread and your general health.

Surgical removal of the affected testicle is advised in almost all cases. This alone may be curative if the cancer is at an early stage and has not spread. Radiotherapy, to destroy cancer cells or slow the rate of growth, may be done after surgery for men with seminoma tumours to prevent recurrence. Chemotherapy using anti-cancer drugs to destroy cancer cells throughout the body has greatly improved the cure rates of both seminomas and non-seminoma testicular tumours.

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What Is the Prognosis?

The prognosis is usually good. Most testicular cancers are diagnosed at an early stage, and after treatment over 90 per cent of men are completely cured. Even if the testicular cancer has spread to other parts of the body there is still a good chance of being cured. After treatment you will be monitored regularly for a number of years to make sure the cancer hasn’t come back. This will involve blood tests to measure the tumour markers and sometimes scans as well.

If you have one testis removed, it should not affect your sex life. You should still have normal erections and produce sperm and hormones from the other testis, and so can still father children. However, if you have chemotherapy or radiotherapy, this may affect fertility. You should discuss this with your specialist.

Bladder Cancer

The bladder is a triangular-shaped, hollow organ located in the lower abdomen. The role of the bladder is to store urine; its walls relax and expand to store urine, and contract and flatten to empty urine through the urethra. Bladder cancer occurs when there are abnormal, cancerous cells growing in the bladder. Bladder cancer affects men two to three times more frequently than women.

What Are the Risk Factors for Bladder Cancer?

While the exact causes of bladder cancer are not known, there are well- estabestablished risk factors, which include the following:

Cigarette Smoking

By far and away the most important cause of bladder cancer is cigarette smoke. Smoking causes about half of the deaths from bladder cancer among men. There are over fifty different carcinogens in tobacco smoke. When these are inhaled through the lungs into the bloodstream these carcinogens eventually end up in the bladder before being excreted through the urine. The disease occurs in smokers twice as often as non-smokers.

Male infertility and Canadian pharmacy viagra


Category : Sexual Disease

Male infertility

Investigation of male fertility status using semen analysis is important, as a minority of men with CF (some few per cent only) will be fertile. This is more common with specific gene mutations. However, while the majority of men report they would like semen analysis to be undertaken in order to confirm their fertility status, not all men with CF are either tested or offered semen analysis. Studies suggest that between one in two and one in three men with CF have had semen analysis. Sawyer et al. also showed that the timing of semen analysis is still significantly later than desired: while more than 95 per cent of men said they believed that semen analysis should be offered to men before the age of 20 years, the youngest age of testing in this recent Australian study was 24 years.

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The first studies to explore any aspect of the sexual and reproductive health needs of men with CF date from the late 1980s. These early studies showed that adolescent and adult men with CF had very poor knowledge of the sexual and reproductive complications of CF. Of note, Hames et al. found that the majority of both males and their parents were unaware that men with CF were infertile. More recent studies from the last decade in Boston, USA, Birmingham, England, Scotland and Australian have shown increasing awareness of infertility in men with CF: the majority of contemporary men with CF know that their fertility is likely to be affected by the disorder Buy Nolvadex in Canada, and know why this is so.

These studies also identify that between 68 and 84 per cent of men with CF want children in the future. The desire for more information on sexual and reproductive health is a consistent theme across studies. However, despite the improved survival of CF over the past few decades, few studies have directly assessed the impact of future infertility on teenagers with CF. Apart from a qualitative US study that included ten adolescent males (of whom five were not aware of male infertility), our knowledge of the impact of infertility in adolescence has been obtained from the (retrospective) reflections of adult men with CF. This qualitative study informed the development of a quantitative survey of adult men with CF in Australia. Both studies suggest that knowledge of infertility in adolescence is less overwhelming than might be thought. For example, 90 per cent of men reported not being distressed when they first heard about infertility during adolescence. Typical comments were:

  • There was no real effect at the time. I just took it as part of CF. (29-year-old who first heard about likely infertility when aged 12)


  • I didn’t really think about it much. At the time I wasn’t upset. (27-year-old who first heard when 15)

However, 10 per cent described a significant impact upon hearing of male infertility in adolescence. For example, one said:

  • It took me by surprise, I was shocked. (25-year-old who was first told when he was 12)

The impact of infertility appears to become more significant as adolescents and young adults mature and form more intimate and committed relation-ships where there is an expectation of fertility. Typical comments were:

  • At first it went in one ear and out the other, but then I thought about it. (20-year-old)


  • At the moment it’s not a concern. It’s like it hasn’t really hit me yet. Later, it could be devastating. (19-year-old)

Infertility was reported as an insignificant aspect of CF by only 10 per cent of adult men. For example, one commented:

  • I’ve been busy with living, which is more important than having kids. (38-year-old)